Edwin Díaz Cy Young Award chances – MLB.com

Edwin Díaz Cy Young Award chances - MLB.com

This story was excerpted from Anthony DiComo’s Mets Beat newsletter. To read the full newsletter, Click here. And to subscribe to receive it regularly in your inbox.

At this point, it has become a cliché to say so Edwin Diaz does things we’ve never seen before. So what about something we have? What are the chances that Díaz, a reliever, could win the National League Cy Young Award?

It is not unprecedented. Nine relievers have won Cy Young honors, though none since Eric Gagne in 2003. So what factors give relief pitchers a chance to win it?

1. A significant body of work
When Mike Marshall became the first reliever to win the Cy in 1974, he did so by appearing in 106 games and logging 208 1/3 innings. Marshall led the majors in appearances by a massive margin and compiled more innings than most starting pitchers did that season. It’s an extreme example, but only a little out of the ordinary. Of the nine relievers who won the award, all of them pitched at least 78 innings, four went over the century mark, and all led the league in either appearances, games finished, saves or some combination of those statistics.

In short, volume matters quite a bit, which isn’t ideal for Díaz’s Cy Young chances: He ranks third in the NL in saves and 93rd in innings pitched, and is tied for 11th in appearances.

2. Dominant stat line
Consider the 1981 campaign of Rollie Fingers. Unlike Marshall, Fingers did not compile a significant workload, throwing just 78 innings in 47 games — both the lowest of any reliever in a Cy Young year. But Fingers produced 333 ERA+, which is one of the best metrics for comparing pitchers across eras. Simply put, it suggests that Fingers was more than three times as efficient as the average major league pitcher that season. Among those in the AL with as many innings as Fingers, Dave Righetti ranked second with a 174 ERA+. Not close.

While it’s obvious that a certain level of dominance is necessary to win the Cy Young Award, it’s crucial for relievers who have to do more in fewer innings to catch the eyes of those who vote. Given how important cumulative stats such as innings and strikeouts are to voters, relievers must produce razor-thin ERAs and rare stats to even receive consideration.

This is where Díaz shines. He could set the all-time strikeout record with maybe more than two strikeouts per inning, which is the kind of eye-opening metric that should win him some votes. His ERA+ is 289 and could soon enter Fingers territory.

3. No starting pitcher separates himself
Looking again at Fingers’ 1981 season, no AL starter won more than 14 games that year. Only one, Dennis Leonard, eclipsed 200 innings, and he ranked 10th in the AL in ERA. Righetti did not qualify for the ERA title. Sammy Stewart won it with a mark more than twice as high as what Fingers produced.

When Willie Hernández won both the AL Cy Young and MVP in 1984, voters found it difficult to separate the top handful of starting contenders from each other. Hernández ended up receiving 12 first-place votes for Cy, while three other pitchers (including another reliever) split the other 16.

When no starter leaves the stat pack, it opens the door for relievers to get votes. So watch out for Sandy Alcantara, who has been the favorite for much of the early season. If Alcantara settles back to the pack, it could create an opportunity.

What does this mean for Díaz?
Realistically, not much. Not only have typical reliever roles changed substantially over the decades, preventing pitchers like Díaz from approaching Marshall-like workloads, but voters’ attitudes have changed as well. When evaluating pitchers, many voters now consider cumulative statistics such as Wins Over Replacement and Win probability Added, which are inherently biased against tranquilizers. (Díaz enters Monday’s play ranked 16th in the NL in the former and 15th in the latter.) Finally, the introduction of the Reliever of the Year Award in 2014 gave voters less incentive to honor bullpen dwellers with the Cy Young.

The last time a reliever finished higher than sixth in Cy Young voting was in 2017, when Kenley Jansen ranked fifth. It’s been 14 years since a reliever cracked the top three.

It’s a long way of saying that as dominant as Díaz has been, and as likely as he will receive some Cy Young no-ballot votes, his chances of actually winning the award are slim. And that’s okay. The Mets understand how valuable he was; they don’t need a plaque to prove it.

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